Efferent and Afferent Nerves

Efferent and Afferent Nerves

Efferent and Afferent Nerves

Afferent neurons are sensory nerves

These are sensory neurons carrying nerve impulses from sensory stimuli toward the central nervous system and brain. Afferent neurons carry signals to the brain and spinal cord as sensory data. The main cell bodies of afferent neurons are located near the brain and spinal column, which comprise the central nervous system. The main cell bodies of afferent neurons are located near the brain and spinal column, which comprise the central nervous system.

Afferent neurons are designed to respond to different stimuli. An afferent neuron on a nerve ending is designed to detect and respond to excess heat. This neuron’s response is to send an impulse through the central nervous system.

Efferent neurons are motor nerves

These are motor neurons carrying neural impulses away from the central nervous system and toward muscles to cause movement. Efferent neurons send signals from the brain to the muscles, glands, and organs of the body in response to sensory input. The cell bodies of efferent neurons are located within the central nervous system. Their purpose is to take signals from the central nervous system to:

  • The peripheral nervous system,
  • Muscles, and
  • Glands

These signals initiate a response to stimulus. The efferent neuron cause muscles to contract and reflex to move the body away from the heat.

Skin has sensory receptors for:

  • Heat
  • Cold
  • Pleasure
  • Pain
  • Pressure

Efferent and Afferent Nerves

Afferent and efferent neurons pairs traveling through the spinal column govern reflexes.

Examples of afferent and efferent pairings:

  • Knee-jerk response – patellar reflex – a kick caused by striking the patellar tendon with a tendon hammer just below the patella and stimulating the L4 and l3 reflex arcs
  • Cough reflex – a rapid expulsion of air from the lungs after sudden opening of the glottis – usually following irritation of the trachea

Afferent Nerve Damage Symptoms

  • Inability to sense chest pain – angina or heart attack symptoms
  • Excessive sweating
  • Inability to sweat
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dry eyes
  • Dry mouth
  • Constipation
  • Bladder dysfunction
  • Sexual dysfunction

Efferent Nerve Damage Symptoms

  • Weakness
  • Muscle atrophy
  • Twitching
  • Paralysis

Sensory Nerve Damage Symptoms

  • Pain
  • Sensitivity
  • Numbness
  • Tingling
  • Prickling
  • Burning

Multidisciplinary Therapeutic Treatment for Pain

The Multidisciplinary Team at Spine and Sports Medicine will design a treatment plan specifically tailored to alleviate nerve pain and increase your quality of life. The painful and debilitating symptoms of nerve pain can be relieved through:

At Spine and Sports Medicine, effective treatment of nerve pain can be achieved through a Multidisciplinary Therapeutic Team Approach.

  • Manual – hands on – Therapy
  • Therapeutic Exercises
  • High Tech Exercises
  • High Touch Exercises
  • Weight Resistance Exercises
  • Postural Corrections
  • Tailored Home Exercise Program

Gold Standard Pain Management

Other highly effective pain management treatment methods at Spine and Sports Medicine include:

  • Phonophoresis
  • Iontophoresis
  • Cryotherapy
  • Medical Massage

Medical Insurance Coverage for Nerve Therapeutic Treatment

At Spine and Sports Medicine, there is no requirement for you to obtain an outside primary physician referral to have the cost of your nerve pain treatment covered by your insurance plan. Most insurance plans cover the cost of treating the painful and debilitating symptoms stemming from a nerve condition. Our insurance experts will help you to determine your coverage and assist in processing your claims.

Multidisciplinary Therapeutic Treatment in One Convenient Location

Discover effective nerve pain relief provided by a multidisciplinary therapeutic practice in one convenient Midtown Manhattan location – at Madison Avenue and 40th Street.

Reach out to the multidisciplinary team of pain management experts at Spine and Sports Medicine by clicking below – or – call 212.986.3888.

Schedule an appointment today.