Motor Neuron Diseases
Motor neuron disease is comprised of a group of severe nervous system disorders characterized by progressive degeneration of motor neurons. Neuron are the basic nerve cells combining to form nerves in the body. Motor neurons control the behavior of muscles.
The cells controlling essential voluntary muscle activity – speaking, walking, breathing, and swallowing – are destroyed by progressive neurological disorders. Messages from nerve cells in the brain – upper motor neurons – are normally transmitted to nerve cells in the brain stem and spinal cord – lower motor neurons before being sent to particular muscle groups in the body.
Upper motor neurons direct lower motor neurons to produce movements – like walking or chewing. Lower motor neurons control movement in the arms, legs, chest, face, throat, and tongue.
When there are disruptions in the signals between the lowest motor neurons and the muscle, the muscles do not work properly. Gradually, muscles weaken and begin to waste away. Muscle loss begins to cause uncontrollable twitching – fasciculations. When there are disruptions in the signals between the upper motor neurons and the lower motor neurons, the limb muscles develop stiffness – spasticity. Movements become slow and effortful. Tendon reflexes – such as knee and ankle jerks – become overactive. Eventually – over time – the ability to control voluntary movement is lost.
Motor neuron diseases affect:
- The upper motor neurons leading from the brain to the brain stem (medulla)
- The upper motor neurons leading from the brain to the spinal cord
- The lower motor neurons leading from the spinal cord to the muscles of the body
Symptoms of Damage to Motor Neurons
- Spasms and exaggerated reflexes are indicative of damage to the upper motor neurons
- Atrophy and weakness of muscles are indicative of damage to the lower motor neurons
Keyword Searches for Motor Neuron Diseases
- Motoneuron Disease
- Motoneurone Disease
- Motor Neuron Syndrome
- Motor Neurone Disease
Motor Neuron Diseases
- Progressive Bulbar Palsy – also known as Bulbar Muscle Atrophy
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis – also known as ALS or Lou Gehrig’s Disease
- Spinal Muscular Atrophy
- Kugelberg-Welander Syndrome
- Duchenne’s Paralysis – also known as Duchenne’s Muscular Dystrophy
- Werdnig-Hoffmann Disease
- Juvenile Spinal Muscular Atrophy
- Benign Focal Amyotrophy
- Infantile Spinal Muscular Atrophy
Multidisciplinary Therapeutic Treatment for Pain
The Multidisciplinary Team at Spine and Sports Medicine will design a treatment plan specifically tailored to treat motor neuron disease and increase your quality of life. The painful and debilitating symptoms of motor neuron disease can be relieved through:
At Spine and Sports Medicine, effective treatment of motor neuron diseases can be achieved through a Multidisciplinary Therapeutic Team Approach.
- Manual – hands on – Therapy
- Therapeutic Exercises
- High Tech Exercises
- High Touch Exercises
- Weight Resistance Exercises
- Postural Corrections
- Tailored Home Exercise Program
Gold Standard Pain Management
Other highly effective pain management treatment methods at Spine and Sports Medicine include:
- Medical Massage
Medical Insurance Coverage for Motor Neuron Diseases Therapeutic Treatment
At Spine and Sports Medicine, there is no requirement for you to obtain an outside primary physician referral to have the cost of motor neuron disease treatment covered by your insurance plan. Most insurance plans cover the cost of treating the painful and debilitating symptoms stemming from a motor neuron disease. Our insurance experts will help you to determine your coverage and assist in processing your claims.
Multidisciplinary Therapeutic Treatment in One Convenient Location
Discover effective treatment of motor neuron disease provided by a multidisciplinary therapeutic practice in one convenient Midtown Manhattan location – at Madison Avenue and 40th Street.
Reach out to the multidisciplinary team of pain management experts at Spine and Sports Medicine by clicking below – or – call 212.986.3888.